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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

What is Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery?

Oral and Maxillofacial surgery is an internationally recognized surgical specialty. Oral and maxillofacial surgery is formally designated as either a medical, dental or dual (medical and dental) specialty.

In countries such as the UK and most of Europe, it is recognised as a specialty of medicine with a degree in medicine and an additional degree in dentistry being compulsory.The scope of practice is mainly head and neck cancer, microvascular reconstruction, craniofacial surgery and cranio-maxillofacial trauma, skin cancer, facial deformity, cleft lip and palate, craniofacial surgery, TMJ surgery and cosmetic facial surgery.

There are nine surgical specialties and this briefing covers Oral & Maxillofacial surgery

The specialty of oral and maxillofacial surgery is unique in requiring a dual qualification in medicine and dentistry, followed by a comprehensive general and specialist surgical training, and is a recognised international specialty, which within Europe is defined under the medical directives. Most surgeons acquire a degree in dentistry before training in medicine, but it is becoming increasingly common for those acquiring a medical degree to subsequently undertake a dental qualification and then pursue a career in OMFS.

What do Oral and Maxillofacial surgeons do?

Often seen as the bridge between medicine and dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery is the surgical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the mouth, jaws, face and neck

Maxillofacial surgery also deals with cysts and tumours related to the mouth and teeth, as well as the removal or maintenance of jaw fractures and corrections in the hard or soft tissues of the mouth to help prosthesis.

The scope of the specialty is extensive and includes the diagnosis and management of facial injuries, head and neck cancers, salivary gland diseases, facial disproportion, facial pain, impacted teeth, cysts and tumours of the jaws as well as numerous problems affecting the oral mucosa such as mouth ulcers and infections.

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